To clarify the necessity of the assessment, the majority of the foreign States, if not all, in accordance to there laws, demand that the adopters file presented to them includes a document establishing the psychosocial situation of the adopters (homestudy).
|Here is who can do the psychosocial assessment depending on the country|
|Source: Secrétariat à l'adoption international, jugements d'adoption, June 11, 1996.|
When your preparatory thoughts are rounded off, when you have chosen a country and made sure that you satisfy all their criteria, when you have estimated the cost of your adoption project, in brief when your pre-adoption process is completed, you can begin the step of the psychosocial assessment.
As mentioned above, the choice of the assessor depends on the country you have selected. There are three possibilities:
Note that, in a given country, there may be cases in which the judgment of adoption is granted and other cases in which they are not; those are special situations. After your assessment, if you decide to change the country of origin and that your choice corresponds to option a) instead of b), you must contact the Youth center of your region. Depending on the country requirements, the Youth center will decide the judiciousness of a complementary assessment, which can involve some costs.
The assessment cost depends on the assessor and the number of encounters needed,
which can depend on the relative complexity of your case. The psychosocial
assessment cost is in the region of 500$Can.
Here are the basic criteria pertaining to the psychosocial assessment of international adoption projects in Quebec. They have been prepared by the Ordre des psychologues du Québec (psychologist corporation), the Ordre professionnel des travailleurs sociaux du Québec (social workers) and the directors of youth protection. Another page gives explanations about the principal criteria of this list, you can reach it through the button link under the table.
|1.||Submission of the application|
|2.||Clarification of the evaluator's mandate|
|3.||Motivation for the adoption|
|4.||Socioeconomic and cultural situation|
|5.||Personal history of each of the spouses|
|7.||Parent-child relationship, if applicable|
|8.||Parental aptitudes for adoption|
|9.||Specific parental aptitudes for international adoption|
|10.||Effects of carrying out the adoption plan|
|11.||Conclusion and recommendation|
Nobody really likes to be evaluated, in particular on very personal matters such as conjugal life and parental aptitudes. At first it is normal to be upset by this assessment necessary to become adoptive parents especially when it is not required to be assessed when planning biological children... And yet, some futur biological parents would benefit from a similar assessment...
After this first reaction, one begins to think that it is only another step in a long and complex process. One might even tell him or herself, it is just a formality. Wrong.
First of all, you must realize that international adoption is a gesture, my god, international. It commits not only yourself but also the bureaucratic and judiciary authorities of two countries and especially it concerns the fate of a child living in another culture at thousands of kilometers. It is the least of things that adoption guarantees to the child a better life than in his country of origin, and not the opposite.
Besides, you took the time to be well prepared. You have read the pages of this site (or others) devoted to the pre-adoption process and you gave much thought to your adoption project 3. You thought about all the questions the evaluator might ask you. Why do you want to adopt? Are you sad to be infertile? Why this particular country? Is your family made up of people of colour or various ethic groups? Etc. Etc. Whatever the question, you are ready.
Lastly, under the the circumstances, your desire to have a child is stronger than the inconvenience of being subjected to the inquisitive eye of an "homestudy expert". In the end, it is better to conclude that the psychosocial assessment is a good opportunity to validate your choice and to strengthen your couple ties in order to achieve your adoption plan.
Oh, by the way! If you think you need to cheat or to hide things to obtain a positive evaluation, think again. Firstly, you would be lieing to yourself. If some matters constitutes objections to your project to the extent that you must hide them, it means you reached the conclusion that this project must be call into question. Secondly, the professionals who conduct these assessments are more experienced after a few years at it, they will see into your little game. Lastly, when about to lie or to distort the reality, think of the child: would you also lie to him?
- Newletter of the Secrétariat à l'adoption internationale (Adopt-info), Montréal, avril 1994, vol.2, no 3,
- The psychosocial assessment: a guide for parents applying for international adoption, prepared by the Secrétariat à l'adoption internationale (SAI) and adopted by the comité de coordination en adoption du Québec, Octobre 1996. This document is available in english from the SAI.
- Take the time to read the pages "Une réflexion s'impose" and "Mythes et réalités" (for the moment only available in french). You will not necessarily find the exact wording of the questions that you will have to answer but the subject matters covered are the same as those addressed by the evaluators.
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